Branches of Biology

Posted in on May 16, 2016

Description :

Here we are posting Branches of Biology which is very much important for preparation of Competitive Exams.

  • Biology: Study of living organisms.
  • Botany: Study of plants.
  • Zoology: Study of animals.
  • Biotechnology: Use of organisms or their parts to produce useful products like medicines.
  • Ethology: Study of how animals behave, particularly in their natural environments.
  • Morphology: Study of internal and external structures of organisms (plants and animals) organs.
  • Histology: Study of tissues.
  • Cytology: Study of cells and cell organelles.
  • Anatomy: Study of internal organs of plants and animals.
  • Embryology: Study about male and female gametes, fertilization and development of embryo.
  • Microbiology: Study of micro-organisms.
  • Physiology: Study of various Body functions and processes (e.g. respiration, photosynthesis, growth etc.).
  • Ecology: Study of relationship of living beings (plants and animals) with environment. Also called Environmental biology.
  • Palynology: Study of microspores or pollen grains.
  • Palaeontology: Study of fossils.
  • Molecular Biology: Study of nature of biomolecules and their interactions in an organism
  • Astrobiology: Study of extra-terrestrial life.
  • Biochemistry: Study of bio-chemical process (e.g. diffusion, osmosis etc.)
  • Biophysics: Study of application of physics principles in life processes.
  • Taxonomy: Study of identification, nomenclature and classification of animals and plants.
  • Genetics: Study of genes and inheritance
  • Bacteriology: Study about bacteria.
  • Virology: Study about viruses.
  • Eugenics: Study of application of knowledge of genetics to the human welfare.
  • Cioinformatics: information processing of data in molecular biology by using computers.
  • Phytogeography: Study about distribution of plants in different parts of the globe.
  • Mycology: Study about fungi.
  • Mammology: Study of Mammals
  • Phycology: Study about algae.
  • Bryology: Study of bryophyte plants.
  • Pteridology: Study of Pteridophytes plants.
  • Entomology: Study of insects
  • Neurology: branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, functions, and organic disorders of nerves and the nervous system
  • Neuroradiology: Branch of radiology focuses on the diagnosis and abnormalities of nervous system.
  • Paleoanthropology: Study of human origins and evolution.
  • Sociobiology: Study of social behavior based on evolutionary theory.
  • Osteology: Study of bones.
  • Ichthyology: Study of fishes.
  • Toxicology: Study about poisons.

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