Inventions and Discoveries

Posted in on May 11, 2016

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 Here we are posting a note on Inventions and Discoveries which is very much important for preparation of various Competitive Exams.
Anderson—Discovered positive electrons.
Austin—Motor Car.
Avogadro—Avogadro’s Hypothesis.
Bacquerel—Radio-activity of Uranium.
Baird—Television.
Baron Napier—Logarithms.
Bell, Graham—Telephone
Benjamin Franklin—Invented lightning conductor.
Berliner—Microphone.
Bessemer—Steel smelting process.
Binet—Intelligence Test.
Birbal Sahni—Researches in Botany.
Bose, S.N.—Discovery of a group of nuclear particles named after him “Boson”.
Boyle—Boyle’s law; Pressure x volume = constant at a constant given temperature.
Bohr—Electron Theory, Atomic structure.
Braun, Dr Wernher Von—Space flying.
Brequet—Helicopter.
Bunsen—Invention of the spectroscope.
Bushwell—Submarine.
Carothers—Nylon plastics.
Caxton—Printing Press
Chadwick—Discovery of the neutron.
Chandrasekhar—Mathematical Astrophysics.
Charles Darwin—Theory of Evolution and origin of Species.
Clarke, Arthur C.—Concept of Geostationary Orbit.
Curie, Madame—Discovery of radium.
Daimler—Gas engine.
Dalton—Atomic theory; laws of chemical combination; law of partial pressures.
Davy—Miner’s Safety Lamp.

Democritus—Greek philosopher, Atomic theory.
Dewar—Invented cordite, liquid oxygen and introduced thermos flask.
Diesel—Internal Combustion Engine (Diesel Engine).
Dunlop—Pneumatic Tyre.
Edison—First electric bulb and gramophone.
Einstein—Theory of relativity.
Euclid—Science of geometry.
Fahrenheit—Fahrenheit mercury thermometric scale.
Faraday—Electromagnetic induction and laws of electrolysis.
Fermi—Discovered artificial splitting of atoms.
Finsen—Discovered curative effect of ultra violet rays; photography.
Fleming, Alexander—Penicillin.
Frank Whittle—Jet propulsion.
Freud—Doctrine of Psycho-analysis.
Fulton—Stream boat.
Galileo—Telescope.
Gay Lussac—Law of gases.
Gauss—System of absolute electric measurements.
Gillette—Safety razor.
Good Year—Discovered the art of vulcanizing rubber.
Guttenburg—Art of Printing
Hahnemann—Founder of Homoeopathy
Herschel, William—Discovered the Planet of Uranus.
Hertz—Electrical waves.
Hippalus—Founder of scientific astronomy.
Hoffmann—Discovered the first aniline dye.
Howe—Sewing Machine.
Huygens—Pendulum clock.
James Watt—Steam engine
Jenner—Smallpox Vaccination.
Kelvin, Lord—Dynamical theory of heat.
Khorana, Dr Hargobind—Deciphering the genetic code.
Kodak—Film and photographic goods.
Lablanc—Manufacture of washing soda.
Landstrom, J.E.—Safety Matches.
Lawrence—Invention of cyclotron.
Lockyer—Helium gas.
Louis Braille—Perfected his system of reading and writing for the blind.
Macmillan—Bicycle
Marconi—Wireless telegraphy, radio.
Maxwell—Electro-Magnetic theory of Light.
Meghnad Saha—Effect of pressure on Radiation through bodies.
Mandeleev—Periodic Table.
Morse—Morse system of electric telegraphy.
Newton—Laws of gravitation; Law of Motion.
Nobel—Dynamite.
Oliver Lodge—Physicist. Researches in wireless communications.
Oppenheimer—Researches in Atomic theory.
Otto Hahn—Discovery of uranium fission.
Parkes—Celluloid.
Parsons—Steam turbine.
Pascal—Calculating Machine.
Pavlov—Theory of Conditioned Reflex.
Perkin—‘Mauve dye’.
Pitman—Founded the Pitman system of phonographic shorthand.
Planck—Quantum theory.
Priestley—Discovery of Oxygen.
Puckle, James—Machine gun
Raman, C.V.—“Raman Effect” on polarisation of light and theories on crystals & diamond formation.

Ramanathan—Molecular scattering of light in fluids.
Ramanujam—A great Indian mathematician.
Ramsay—Discovery of Inert gases such as Argon, Neon etc.
Ray, P.C.—Researches in chemistry.
Roger Bacon—Gun powder.
Ronald Ross—Malaria Parasite.
Rontgen—Discovery of X-rays.
Rohmkorff—Induction Coil.
Rutherford—Atomic Research; succeeded in splitting the atom.
Shalimar—Paints. >Simpson and Harrison—Chloroform.
Stephenson—Railway engine.
Thomson, J.J.—Discovered electron.
Travers—Discovery of Neon gas.
Urey—Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen.
Volta—Current electricity and electric battery.
W. & O. Wright (Wright Brothers)—Aeroplane
Waterman—Fountain pen.
Watt, Robert Watson—Radar.
Zeiss—Lenses, Camera.

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